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A meteorologist is a scientist who studies the atmosphere. They examine its effects on the environment, investigate climate trends and predict the weather. They use scientific principles to explain, observe, understand, or forecast the earth's atmospheric phenomena and/or how the atmosphere affects the earth and life on the planet.
There are several specialised areas a meteorologist can work in, they include air pollution meteorology, hydro-meteorology, global climate modelling, and numerical analysis and forecasting.
Organisations that use the data provided by meteorologists include the Met Office (UK's national weather service) shipping, sea fishing and sailing industries, utilities suppliers, transportation safety organisations, the armed forces, farmers and agriculture workers, insurance companies, the media and government services, and retail businesses.
The two main fields of meteorology are forecasting and researching and a meteorologist may switch between both.