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An Immunologist is a clinician or scientist who specialises in the field of Immunology. Immunology is defined as the study of the defence system in an organism in both disease and health. Through this study, immunologists seek to understand how the immune system works in combating disease and what happens when it fails to work. They then use this knowledge to control and treat a range of disorders and diseases.
Most immunologists are employed by the NHS, however they may also be employed by universities as researchers and lecturers. They may also be involved in biomedical research in healthcare, agriculture and environmental monitoring.
An immunologist may also be required to work in a hospital diagnosing immune system abnormalities by analysing patient samples, monitoring transplant patients and giving advice to other medical staff about treatments and tests.