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A geoscientist studies the various processes and phenomena that occur inside and on the earth, including its composition, structure and other physical aspects using extensive field and laboratory research.
They aim to discover commercially viable and exploitable reserves of natural resources such as oil and gas. They also provide information to society for use in solving problems and establishing policies for resource management, public health, environmental protection and safety.
They frequently examine rocks, sediments, or fossils from a certain area, or study the geologic nature of volcanoes, landslides, glaciers, oceans or floods. They may also be involved in the construction of buildings and dams and the exploration, development and production of mine, pit, and quarry sites.
Geoscientists may work for universities, engineering firms, private research labs, petroleum companies, government agencies, or non-profit environmental organisations.