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Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that uses living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. It involves the modifying of structures within single cells and can be used for both product development (such as vaccines, antibiotics, hormones and washing powders) and scientific research. The biotechnologist is a trained scientist who applies their knowledge of living organisms to a variety of industries, including medical, manufacturing, environmental and agricultural.

There are vast arrays of job duties a biotechnologist can perform, depending on the particular industry they work in. They can design and conduct experiments, make observations and analyse data, or may be concerned with pure research. They work in teams with other technicians and scientists.

Modern use of biochemistry includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies.

Salaries can range from around £18,500 a year, to £55,000 a year for a more senior position.

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