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The role

Bakers use a range of methods to produce bread and confectionery products such as cakes, pastries and biscuits. They usually work in one of three types of bakery – a plant, a supermarket or craft.
Bakeries are noisy and dusty. This work is, therefore, unsuitable for those with asthma, an allergy to dust, or certain skin conditions.

How to become a baker

Specific qualifications are not required. However, GCSEs in English, maths, science or food technology would be an advantage. Apprenticeships are also available for this kind of work.
New recruits usually receive on the job training and are encouraged to take a course in food safety and food hygiene such as those awarded by the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health (CIEH).
Opportunities exist to take NVQ levels 1, 2, or 3 in Food Manufacture, specialising in craft or process bakery skills. Bakers with a flair for teaching may want to undergo further training and teach baking skills in a college or training centre.


Skills and knowledge required


  • A passion for food and practical baking skills
  • Creativity for developing new products or decorating confectionery
  • An awareness of safety and hygiene regulations
  • A reasonable level of physical fitness and strength for lifting and carrying heavy trays and sacks of flour
  • Good team working skills



Bakers can earn between £11,600 and £16,000 a year, rising to around £20,000 to £25,000 a year for those with specialist skills or supervisory responsibilities. Bakers can boost their income by working overtime.


The hours

Bakers usually work 39 hours a week over five days, with very early starts.


Useful websites  - The Chartered Institute of Environmental Health

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